News

10.10.2022.

Securing Serbia’s cultural heritage: the case of “Kilim of Pirot”

Products that bear a geographical indication of origin owe their special characteristics to the locality in which they are produced. They are the fruit of the traditions crafted over centuries by people from a specific location who have transferred their knowledge and skills across generations. The rugs or kilim produced in Pirot, a town in southeastern Serbia are the gift of such tradition, reflecting the rich cultural and historic legacy of the town’s carpet makers, and the value of this craft, which merits preservation and promotion. That is why, on June 18, 2012, by the decision of the National Committee for Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Serbia, kilim weaving in Pirot was added to the National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Serbia under UNESCO protection.

The cooperative of kilim weavers from Pirot, the first organized manufacture of these rugs, was founded 122 years ago, but kilim weaving in Pirot dates from the 9th century AD. With their striking colorful designs, “kilim of Pirot” are renowned the world over for their beauty and quality.

These high-quality rugs gained global recognition in the late 19th and early 20th century winning top awards at the World’s Fairs in Lyon in 1894, and in Liege in 1905. Thereafter, kilim rugs entered the American and British markets. At the Balkan States Exhibition in London in 1907, news reports noted: “in the Queen’s Palace, the beautiful kilims from Pirot celebrated indescribable victory! The English are amazed and in awe,” the Serbian author Žikić Vitković writes in her book Pirot’s Carpet.

After the First World War (1914-1918) the quality standards ─ similar to those governing the current geographical indication ─ for producing the ”kilim of Pirot” were established. In 1925, the Evaluation Board of the Kilim Weaving Cooperative was established. Its role was to ensure that the design, colors and materials used to make kilim rugs met the established quality standards.

In the inter-war years, the Pirot Kilim Weaving Cooperative won over 50 international and domestic awards and prizes, including at the International Exhibition of Art and Technology in Paris in 1937. From the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s kilim rug weaving in Pirot continued to flourish with orders flowing in from Austria, Finland, Japan, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and West Germany.

Weavers continue to use the best quality wool to make the ”kilim of Pirot.” In the weaving process, the warp (lengthwise yarns) is made from the white wool of the pramenka breed of sheep, now an endangered species, that graze the fields surrounding Pirot. A standard ”kilim of Pirot” (1.4 meters x 2 meters) requires the fleece of at least nine pramenka sheep. Their wool is typically high-quality, long, and easy to process. On average, 300 kilograms of raw wool are needed for 100 kilograms of yarn. This high-quality yarn contributes to the durability of the “kilim of Pirot.”

The ancient concentric designs that characterize the “kilim of Pirot echo those found in ancient Egyptian ceramics, Cyprian vases, and even the kilims of the North American Navaho Indians. This reflects the many and varied influences that have shaped this tradition over the centuries. The symmetrical order of the sharp geometric shapes and patterns gives the “kilim of Pirot” a timelessness. Their graphic motifs consist mainly of abstract, fanciful forms along with natural phenomena and, on occasion, religious symbols. The reds, blues, and greens that dominate their designs are spellbinding.

Serbian weavers have traditionally displayed incredible imagination, introducing designs, shapes and colors that make the “kilim of Pirot” a work of unique beauty that lives on today. Throughout history the “kilim of Pirot” have adorned the palaces and residences of high-ranking officials and places of worship.

The rugs, which are a striking symbol of Serbian folk tradition, are typically produced by women, often under challenging conditions, who learn their craft from their forebears. Weaving kilim rugs is still strenuous work. On average, a modern-day weaver from the Lady’s Heart Cooperative, (the sole authorized user of the geographical indication (GI) “Kilim from Pirot)” works 176 hours (8 hours a day for 22 days of the month) to weave just 0.8m2 of a rug.

Thankfully, the women who weave kilim rugs today have a more secure existence than previous generations. This is critically important in attracting new weavers to the craft and to sustaining production of these eye-catching rugs.

Slavica Ćirić, Director of the Lady`s Heart Cooperative, explains what it takes to be a weaver of “kilim of Pirot” today:

“A woman who wants to be engaged in weaving should have capacities for the craft and be very skillful. She needs a gene for art and must be very focused because for the whole day she is engaged in counting, planning, logics and mathematics. She must also have a capacity to remember, not to make notes, but to remember, because what should be kept in mind all the time cannot be noted down. In addition, and primarily, she must be of good health, because while working, she sits on a low bench next to the loom, with bended legs, and spine upright and hands constantly moving while the tips of the fingers can often be cut like by a razor blade from the sharp threads of the warp made from the pramenka sheep.”

For more than a century, the “kilim of Pirot” have been woven as a single rug on vertical looms, regardless of its size. During weaving, the loom is periodically rotated. This means the weaver never has a complete view of what has been done and has to rely on her memory to visualize the complex designs that are woven into the rug. The weavers adopt a kneeling technique to weave the rugs and the only tool they use is the the tupica, which enables them to beat down the weft yarns. The rugs typically have two sides of equal quality and beauty.

In 2003, the Intellectual Property Office of Serbia recognized “Kilim of Pirot” as a geographical indication (GI). The GI covers kilim rugs, blankets for beds, curtains, draperies and other home textiles. In securing the GI, the kilim rugs and other home textiles made in this historic town, became the intellectual property of the people of Pirot.

With GI certification, only the kilim made by authorized producers may be commercialized as “kilim of Pirot.” The authenticity and quality of the high-quality textiles that bear the GI label is guaranteed. In this way, GI certification boosts consumer confidence; customers can trust that they are buying a genuine “kilim of Pirot.” This, in turn, yields significant benefits for local producers, boosting demand for their high-quality rugs in domestic and export markets and enabling them to defend themselves against substandard copycat rugs.

GI certification is helping to keep domestic traditions alive and is protecting authorized weavers against unauthorized use of the GI label. Legal protection goes beyond deterring piracy; it also represents an obligation on the part of all authorized producers to maintain established quality production standards.

In registering the GI “Kilim of Pirot,” the Intellectual Property Office of Serbia worked with the local weavers to develop a “Book of Specifications,” which outlines the essence of the “kilim of Pirot” and the elements that make it a unique output of ethno-manufacture. These include the way in which it is woven, the quality of the wool used for the warp, the designs specific to the kilim rugs, as well as the colors used for the warp yarn, the obligation to weave on a vertical loom using the kneeling technique, quality control and more.

In the past, the canons of kilim production were dictated by tradition and the unwritten law of the weavers’ craft, resulting in outputs of variable quality. Today, thanks in large part to its GI certification, the “kilim of Pirot” are made to established quality standards.

At present, the Lady’s Heart Cooperative is the sole authorized user of the GI “Kilim of Pirot.” Many former users have lost their status. Anecdotal evidence suggests that this is linked to the high cost of certification and an unwillingness to adhere to the rules governing the preparation, production and sale of GI-certified products. This seems to have also been the experience of producers of other GI-certified products in Serbia. The experiences of producers of GI-certified products around the world, however, suggest that the rules governing the use of a GI can have a positive economic impact on the production of GI-certified products when calibrated to ensure that users are able meet established conditions of use and thereby acquire the right to use the GI. This, however, has not been the case with the production of “kilim of Pirot,” which now relies on funding from both state and private sources.

Although demand for “kilim of Pirot” exceeds the weavers’ capacity to supply them, no new producers with the capacity to qualify as an authorized user of the GI “kilim of Pirot” have emerged since 2009. This is posing a threat to the sustainability of kilim rug production in Pirot and has prompted careful reflection on what needs to be done to revive and sustain the craft.

“The purpose of our work is to preserve kilim weaving in Pirot through the sustainable development and growth of production so that the income realized from sale of kilim can be invested in financing further production, and in ensuring the weavers are adequately rewarded for their work,” says Ćirić, who also underlines the need to organize training workshops for the next generation of weavers.

The GI “Kilim from Pirot” is part of Serbia’s national identity. “Kilim of Pirot” have an excellent reputation and hold great commercial value. In actively promoting these high-quality textiles, the Government will help ensure the weavers of Pirot enjoy greater livelihood security and reap the benefits of their work. It will also help ensure this remarkable craft endures for generations to come. Today, many countries are actively working to develop strategies to harness the economic, social and cultural benefits of products that can qualify for GI protection. Serbia needs to be one of them.

By Vladimir Marić, Director, Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia

Note: This article by Mr Vladimir Marić was published in the magazine of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), and you can read it at this link.
Read the entire new issue of WIPO Magazine here.

Related News

Be the first to find out about new events and read exclusive articles related to best practices and IP rights.

News
Happy holidays!
The Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia wishes you a Happy New Year and Merry Christmas!
News
New 39th Newsletter of the Education and Information Centre
The new 39th number of the Newsletter of the Education and Information Centre of the Intellectual Property Office has been issued.
Events
News
Seminar for the students of doctorate and master studies of the Faculty of Agriculture
The seminar under a title “Protection of Inventions by Patent in the Field of Food Technology” included lecture on the protection of inventions by a patent as well as a workshop for the search in the Espacenet database
Laws and regulations
The Law on the Amendments of the Law on the Republic Administrative Fees
On the December 12, 2022, in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, the Law on the Amendments of the Law on the Republic Administrative Fees (“Official Gazette RS”, No. 138/22) was published and it enters into force on December 20, 2022.
Events
News
BEKOP Conference on the intellectual property rights
The participants had the opportunity to meet the modern challenges and understand the system of the protection of legislation in the domain of intellectual property, bearing in mind that it could be their future professional orientation
Events
News
Lecture on IP protection in Science and Technology Park Čačak and Science and Technology Park Niš
In the course of the lectures, it has been pointed out how important it is to protect innovations by different IP rights, in particular those in the key phases of development
News
Visit of the students of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering to the IPO
On Thursday, December 8, 2022, the Office was visited by the students of the final year of the master studies from the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in the framework of the subject “Technical regulations and standards”
News
The third invitation for the Raising Starts support program for startups in the earliest phases of development
Apply and secure expert and financial support for your startup, prepare for further investments and global growth!
Events
News
WIPO Online Workshop on National IP Strategy Development and Implementation
The workshop is being held in an online format via the Zoom platform, on Wednesday, December 7, 2022, from 9:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m., and the language of the event is English
Events
News
Regional Symposium about Indications of Geographical Origin
The representative of the Intellectual Property Office participated at the Regional Symposium about the Indications of Geographical Origin held in the period 24-25. 11. 2022, in Antalya in the Republic of Turkey
Events
News
Seminar “Protection of Intellectual Property Rights in Pharmacy”
For the students of specialist studies from the department “Industrial Pharmacy” and students of doctorate studies of the Faculty of Pharmacy at Belgrade University, on Sunday, November 27, 2022, a seminar was held
Events
News
Seminar in the Institute for Biological Research “Sinisa Stankovic” in Belgrade
Experts from the Office on November 22, 2022, held a seminar under s title “Protection of inventions by patent and patent documentation search”
Events
News
WIPO Regional Seminar on Computer Implemented Inventions (CII)
The Virtual Regional Seminar on Patentability of Computer Implemented Inventions (CII) to be held on Thursday, 8 December 2022
Events
News
Celebration of the 102nd anniversary of the Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia
During the Office's anniversary event, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) awards for 2022 were awarded in five categories of creativity
Events
News
WIPO award in the framework of the manifestation “Success Flower for Dragon Woman”
The WIPO award was delivered to the company of entrepreneur Ljiljana Matković at the "Flower of Success for the Dragon Woman" event on November 9, 2022
Events
News
Celebration of the 102nd anniversary of the Intellectual Property Office – Live
Follow the transmission live on Tuesday, November 15, 2022 at 13.00 p.m. on our You Tube channel where you can see the program of the event
Announcements
News
Invitation for expert examination for representatives
The Intellectual Property Office invites all the interested parties to file applications, at the latest till 12.12.2022, for the passing of expert examination
Events
News
Lecture for the students of the Faculty of Organization Sciences
During the lecture, special focus was given by the lecturers from the IPO on the protection of specific intellectual property rights in the process of innovation development
Events
News
WIPO Workshop on Mediation
The workshop was opened by Ms Heike Wollgast, Head of the IP Disputes Section of the WIPO ADR Center, Mr Vladimir Marić, Director of the IPO, and Mr Mladen Vukmir, well-known mediator
News
Winners of the competition of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
The competition for the presentation of the WIPO awards has been conducted for 2022
Events
News
Fair of Students` Expert Apprenticeship in the Bodies of Public Administration
Public administration offers to students of five state universities an opportunity to attend, in the course of the academic year 2022/2023, expert apprenticeship in one of the 56 bodies of public administration
News
Apply until November 15, 2022 for the grant of non-repayable funds from 80,000 to 300,000 Euros
Fund for Innovation Activities announced a public invitation for the grant of non-repayable funds for innovative companies and teams
Events
News
WIPO online Mediation and Arbitration Workshop 8 – 10 november 2022
The program will consist of presentations, panel discussions and Q&A on substantive components of international mediation and arbitration
News
Video recordings from the Seminar „Leveling UP your IP: Strategies for Videogame Developers“
Look at the video recordings of all sessions of the Seminar on our You Tube channel on the following link
News
Conference on Innovations – Tesla Fest 2022
On the second day of the 36th International Festival of Innovations, Knowledge and Creativity – Tesla Fest, in the organization of the Association of Inventors of Vojvodina, a Conference on Innovations was held
Events
News
Continuation of cooperation with the Institute of Electrical Engineering Nikola Tesla about education of employees in the field of intellectual property protection
On Tuesday, October 11, 2022, a workshop has been organized including the search of patent documentation in the data base Espacenet
News
Study visit of the delegation of the Intellectual Property Institute of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The aim of the visit was the exchange and transfer of experience regarding the services offered by the Intellectual Property Office
News
Assistant Director of the Office precedes at the 15th session of the Working Group for the Development of the Patent Cooperation Treaty
Aleksandra Mihailovic, Assistant Director of the Patent Sector in the Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia, at the proposal of the Central European and Baltic States Regional Group (CEBS) is Chair at the Meeting
Events
News
WIPO Eon Agrofood Webinar Series – Series of webinars from Friday, October 7, 2022
Interactive sessions shall be held every Friday starting from October 7, 2022, focusing on the experiences of experts from agro-technology and food industry
Events
News
European Researchers Night 2022
A great number of visitors in the Office, on Friday, September 30, 2022, took place in the „Treasure Hunt“, and some of them composed their first patent applications
News
Event dedicated to patent information: EPO Patent Knowledge Week from October 4 to 7, 2022
Depending on the topic and field of interest, you can choose the session that you wish to follow in order to broaden your knowledge
News
The Office participates in the manifestation “European Researches` Night”
The visitors may see the permanent exhibition “Famous Serbian Researchers”, about the scientists that changed our lives with their inventions and participate in the “Treasure Hunt”
News
Seminar on patents for the employees in the Institute for Electrical Engineering Nikola Tesla in Belgrade
Special accent was laid on the inventions implemented in computers and the specific characteristics connected to patent protection
News
WIPO Program for Young Experts – applications till October 5, 2022
This career camp of a kind represents an opportunity to further develop and improve young and talented individuals that already have basic knowledge in the domain of IP rights protection
Events
News
International seminar “Leveling UP your IP: Strategies for Videogames Developers”
Renowned world and domestic experts from the industry of video games, as well as IP experts, addressed the audience listening to presentations in the Serbian Chamber of Commerce and Industry or via the Internet
News
Competition for the World Intellectual Property Organization Awards – applications till October 10, 2022
The candidates for the awards can apply personally or at the proposal of the natural or legal person in the four categories of competition
Events
News
Leveling UP your IP: Strategies for Videogame Developers
Take advantage of the unique opportunity and register to participate in the international seminar, which will be held on Thursday, September 22, in the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Serbia starting at 9 AM
News
Financial and infrastructure support for innovation activities
Have a look at the on line publication of the Service for Innovations of the Chamber of Commerce of the Republic of Serbia, the one place where all aspects of financial and infrastructure support to innovation activities in Serbia are available
Events
News
Apply for the participation at the Global Invention Forum
Global Invention Forum is held this year from October 18-19. 2022, at Grand Resort Hotel in the town of Limassol (Republic of Cyprus) and you can apply till September 17, 2022.
Events
WIPO Conversation “Frontier technologies – AI Inventions”
Sixth session of the WIPO Conversation “Frontier technologies – AI Inventions”, will take place on September 21 and 22, 2022.
Announcements
News
Information about the list of sequences in compliance with ST.26 for the filing of patent applications in the Republic of Serbia
Office passed “Manual for the filing of patent application in the domain of biotechnology” containing information important for the preparation of list of sequences in XML format
News
WIPO Special Award in the Framework of the Manifestation “Success Flower for the Dragon Woman”
The aim of the competition is to stimulate female entrepreneurs to use the system of industrial property protection in their business activities and it lasts from August 10 to September 30
Announcements
News
Apply to get support for innovative companies through “Catapult Program”
Katapult provides an intensive three-month mentoring program and financial support in the form of grants from EUR 20,000 to EUR 50,000
News
New 38th number of the EIC Bulletin
The new, 38th number of the Bulletin of the Education and Information Center of the Intellectual Property Office has been issued.
Events
News
WIPO General Assembly – 63 serial of meetings
From July 14-22, 2022, at the seat of the World Intellectual Property Organization in Geneva, the 63rd serial of meetings of the General Assembly of the WIPO member states is held
Events
News
WIPO Global Awards 2022 – Tuesday, July 19, 2022
The program “WIPO Global Awards” is part of the WIPO mission to secure environment for the development of innovations and creativity, supported by intellectual property rights, for the benefit of all parties
News
World Industrial Design Day – June 29
Today, we celebrate the World Industrial Design Day. Appealing design not only gives special stylish impression, but also helps the product to be conspicuous on the market
Events
Regional webinar “The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks (STLT) and Recent Challenges for Trademark Rights”
WIPO on Tuesday, June 28, organizes regional webinar at the topic "The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks (STLT) and Recent Challenges for Trademark Rights"
News
Master Program “Intellectual Property and New Technologies” 2022/2023
The contents of this unique master program focuses on the most challenging issues referring to the intellectual property and new technologies
News
Principles of Common Practice EU – CP4
Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia successfully cooperates with the EUIPO in harmonizing EU Principles of Common Practice in trademarks field
Events
Celebration on the occasion of the presentation of awards for the European Inventor of the Year – Tuesday, June 21, 2022
The viewers shall have the opportunity to find out more about the inventors who discovered ingenious solutions for some of the most important contemporary problems
Events
News
Webinar about the beginning of the new standard of the World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO ST.26 implementation
Different information presented at the webinar are important for the drafting of the patent applications referring to the inventions in the field of biotechnology
Announcements
News
“Bing Bang Date” for the implementation of ST.26 Standard
The new ST.26 Standard for the display of the list of nucleotide and amino-acid sequences in the patent application enter into force on July 1, 2022.
News
Webinars for teams participating in the competition for the Best Technological Innovation
The cooperation between the Intellectual Property Office and the organizers of the Best Technological Innovation continued through trainings intended for the teams to recognize and protect relevant intellectual property rights
News
Visit of the delegation from Montenegro to the Intellectual Property Office
The Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia, from 19-20 May 2022, was visited by the delegation from the Ministry of Finance of Montenegro, and Directorate for Intellectual Property
Events
WIPO webinar on the gender gap in the field of intellectual property
This webinar shall enable the gathering of all the interested parties which are active in the ecosystem of innovations, with the aim to raise awareness about the existence of this problem
Events
EPO Unitary Patent IT Workshop
The participants of the workshop shall be in a position, through practical examples, to get to know the procedure for filing request for the unitary effect of the European patent
Events
Webinar of the Office about the new WIPO standard ST.26 – Thursday, June 9, 2022.
The purpose of the new standard is to enable the applicant to compose a list of sequences described in the patent application in the field of biotechnology
Events
WIPO symposium on trade secrets and innovations in 2022
The different aspects of the implementation of the trade secret protection shall be discussed and the symposium in the hybrid format will be held on May 23 and 24, 2022.
Events
News
Webinar held “How to protect invention abroad”
After brief reminder what patent is, and the introduction of the concept of priority right, the participants got acquainted with the possible routes of protection abroad
Events
News
Webinar “How to Protect Invention Abroad?”
The aim of the webinar is to provide the basic information about the possible manners of patent protection outside the borders of the Republic of Serbia
News
The Grand Prix of the Salon Archimedes awarded
The Intellectual Property Office was awarded Grand Prix of the International Innovations Club “Archimedes”
Events
News
The Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia celebrated the World Intellectual Property Day
Various programs have been presented dealing with support to innovations, intended for start-ups and the young inventors, as well as innovations created by young teams, winners of various funds
Events
News
World Intellectual Property Day – April 26, 2022
The event organized by the Intellectual Property Office in a hybrid format, on April 26, starting at 1:00 PM, can also be followed online via the Office's YouTube channel
Announcements
News
The Annual Report of the Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia
The Annual report on the work of the Intellectual Property Office for 2021 has been published.
Events
News
WIPO is organizing a Virtual Regional Seminar on Trade Secrets to take place on April 5, 2022
The objective of the event will be to raise awareness of trade secret protection in particular among legal professionals, government officials and the business sector
News
Master Program on Intellectual Property Law in China
China’s National Intellectual Property Administration - CNIPA invited the Intellectual Property Office to propose candidates for Master Program
News
Principles of Common Practice EU – CP9
Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia successfully cooperates with the EUIPO in harmonizing EU Principles of Common Practice in trademarks field
Laws and regulations
Law on the Amendments of the Patent Law
On December 15, 2021, in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia The Law on the Amendments of the Patent Law was published
News
Closing Conference of EU Twinning Project “Protection and Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights in the Republic of Serbia”
In the building of the National Parliament of the Republic of Serbia the Closing Conference was held
News
Celebration of the 101st anniversary of the Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia
Yesterday, we festively celebrated of the second century of the existence of the Intellectual Property Office.
News
Celebration of the 101st anniversary of the Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia – LIVE
Follow the live broadcast, on Monday, November 15, 2021, at 1:00 PM on the Office's YouTube channel
Events
Apply till November 19, 2021 for the program for young experts of the World Intellectual Property Organization
News
Advanced training for on-line investigation held in the framework of Twinning Project
In the course of the previous week, in the premises of IPO “Advanced Training for On-Line Investigation “ was held
News
New big-bang date for the implementation of the ST.26 Standard for the display of the list of nucleotide and amino-acid sequences in the patent application
On October 4-8, 2021 in Geneva, it has been decided that the entry into force of the new WIPO Standard ST.26 should be postponed for July 1, 2022
News
Bilateral meeting with the WIPO Director General
On Thursday, October 7, 2021, at the seat of the WIPO in Geneva, a meeting was held between the delegation of the Republic of Serbia and the Director General of WIP
News
The 35th Tesla Fest is opened
Yesterday, the 35th Tesla Fest was festively opened as the international festival of innovations and creativity which is traditionally held on October 12-15 every year.
News
62 series of the WIPO General Assembly
The delegation of the Republic of Serbia has participated at the 62 series of meetings of the WIPO General Assembly
News
Competition for the Awards of the World Intellectual Property Organization – Applications till October 25, 2021
We are pleased to inform you that the competition for the WIPO Awards has been opened.
News
World Symposium about Indications of Geographical Origin and virtual exhibition presenting the products from Serbia
The World Symposium on Geographical Indications will be held online from September 6 to 8, 2021
Events
Chongqing University of Technology – Innvitation for online seminar
We are pleased to inform you that within the initiative "One Belt One Road" from October 18 to November 19, 2021, an online seminar on innovation and intellectual property will be held, jointly organized by Chongqing University of Technology and the National National Training Center. Chongqing.
Events
News
WIPO Conference on Intellectual Property in the Digital Economy
The World Intellectual Property Organization is organizing a Regional Conference on Intellectual Property.
News
Master Program 2020/2021 in Intellectual Property and New Technologies.
WIPO, in cooperation with the Jagiellonian University in Krakow and the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland, is organizing the Master’s Degree Program in Intellectual Property and New Technologies.
Enforcement of IP laws
Principles of Common Practice EU – CP8
IPO successfully cooperates with EUIPO in harmonizing EU Principles of Common Practice.
Interesting facts
News
Honoring a pioneer in tissue engineering: Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic named Eurpean Inventor Award 2021 finalist
Every year, the prestigious awards of the European Patent Office for the inventor of the year are presented in several categories.
Announcements
The Annual Report of the Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia
The Annual Report on the work of the Intellectual Property Office for 2020 has been published.
News
Master Program on Intellectual Property Law in China
China’s National Intellectual Property Administration - CNIPA invited the Intellectual Property Office again this year,
News
Pan-European Seal Program
As a member of the Pan European Seal Program network, the University of Belgrade was once again invited to nominate the best young experts.
Announcements
WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center
Webinar “Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) for Information Technologies (ICT) Disputes”
Announcements
News
Application for the support program “Raising Starts”
Apply before January 25, 2021 and secure support for the fast development of the innovative idea.
Announcements
News
The Intellectual Property Office issued a book “Short Survey of the Women Inventors in Serbia in the XX century”
In the honor of 100 years of its existence, the Intellectual Property Office published a book.
Announcements
News
New program of support for start ups of the Scientific and Technological Park Belgrade
STP Belgrade opened an invitation for Raising Starts, new program of support which provides expert trainings and mentorship.
Announcements
News
Film about 100 years of the Intellectual Property Office
On the occasion of the 100 years of the Intellectual Property Office, a short film was made in which you can get acquainted with the tradition of intellectual property protection in Serbia
Events
Webinar EU Trademarks Law
A webinar on European Union trademark law was held on December 1st and 2nd.
News
Monograph “One hundred years of IPO”
IPO published a monograph in which the history of the work of the IPO since its founding, on November 15, 1920, is presented
Events
Conference on 100 years of the Intellectual Property Office
The Intellectual Property Office marked 100 years of existence and work by holding an online conference.
Events
Conference on the occasions of 100 years of the Intellectual Property Office
Join us in celebrating the 100th anniversary and watch it live on YouTube.
Enforcement of IP laws
Importance of design as intellectual property right for business – Stories from Serbian companies
The external image of a product is one of the key factors that attracts us to a product.
Events
Celebration of the 100 years of the Intellectual Property Office
With great pleasure, we invite you to join us in the celebration of our jubilee – one hundred years of IPO
Enforcement of IP laws
Importance of trademark as intellectual property right for business – Stories from Serbian companies
How some of the Serbian companies use their trademark in business and how important is the protection of the trademark for the future of the company.
Events
Webinar EU Copyright Law – Copyright protection in the digital era
A webinar on European copyright in the digital age was held on 28 and 29 October.
Enforcement of IP laws
Importance of patents as intellectual property rights from doing business – Stories from Serbian companies
This year, we shall celebrate 100 years of existence and work of the Intellectual Property Office.
Enforcement of IP laws
News
Principles of Common Practice EU – CP 5
The Office successfully cooperates with EUIPO in terms of harmonization of practice with the principles of practice of EU member states in the field of trademarks.
Announcements
WIPO Mediation and Arbitration Workshop
We have a pleasure to announce that WIPO is organizing an online Mediation and Arbitration Workshop from 16 to 18 November 2020.
News
The high level meeting of the Europian Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) and the delegations of West Balkans
Virtual high-level meeting of the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)
Announcements
Events
The 61st session of the general assembly of the WIPO
In the period 21-25 September 2020, the 61st session of the Assembly of the member states of the WIPO
Events
WIPO Conference on the global digital content market
WIPO organizes on-line conference on the global market of digital content from September 16 – 18, 2020 at 13 p.m. to 15.30 p.m.
News
Serbia in Global Innovation Index 2020
Global Innovation Index (GII) is a project established in 2007 by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Events
On-line conference Intellectual Property and Internet
The Conference “Intellectual Property and Internet 2020” shall be held on September 4, 2020 with the beginning at 10 a.m.
News
Brochure “Serbia – Emerging tech development hub”
The new brochure: Serbia – Emerging tech development hub is available at: https://innovations.serbiacreates.rs/
News
Fighting pandemics COVID-19
Involvement of inventors and scientists in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic leads to the creation of new inventions
Announcements
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) master “Intellectual Property and New Technologies” in Poland
We are pleased to inform you of the invitation of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
News
Memorandum of Understanding between the IPO and the Visegrad Patent Institute concerning internationl patent applications was signed
The Intellectual Property Office and the Visegrad Patent Institute signed a memorandum of cooperation.
Interesting facts
News
10 July – Date of birth of Nikola Tesla and the Day of Science in Serbia
At today’s day, on 10 July 1856, in Smiljan, Nikola Tesla was born, and that day was proclaimed as the Day of Science in the Republic of Serbia.
Announcements
Importnat information
In compliance with the health situation in the city of Belgrade, we ask all the users of our services to perform communication with the Office by telephone or post
News
The Agreement on Cooperation for enhancing of the use of Mediation in in Intellectual Property Disputes
Agreement on cooperation regarding the application of mediation in the field of intellectual property on May 28, 2020.
Events
Webinar “Mediation under the WIPO Rules” – WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center
A webinar will be organized within the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center
News
Establishment of the online database of IP judgements – WIPO Lex-Judgments
WIPO has notified Member States that the current database of IP laws and treaties (WIPO Lex) is expanding.
Announcements
Enforcement of IP laws
Data from the trademarks from Serbia – In the WIPO data base – Global brand database
WIPO – data are available for over 56,000 trademarks and trademark applications that are registered
Interesting facts
News
World Intellectual Property Day – April 26, 2020
Innovate for a green future!
News
The Annual Report of the Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia
The Annual Report of the Intellectual Property Office in 2019 has been published.
Announcements
Important notice related to COVID-19
The Serbian Government has declared the national state of emergency due to the COVID -19 crisis.
Announcements
Important notice on communication related to COVID-19
The Office is taking the necessary measures to prevent the spread of the infection.
News
Accession of the Republic of Serbia to the Marrakesh Treaty
On February 24, 2020, the instruments on the accession of the Republic of Serbia to the Marrakesh Treaty were deposited.
Events
In memoriam – Blagota Žarković
On February 25th, 2020, a commemoration was held for the recently deceased, long-time Director of the IPO, Mr. Blagota Žarković.
Announcements
News
Pan-European Seal Program
Belgrade University is invited to propose the best young experts for one-year Internship at both international organizations.
News
High level meeting of the coordination body
On Wednesday, 19 February 2020, in the premises of the Intellectual Property Office, a meeting lasting throughout the day was held
Announcements
Laws and regulations
The Trademark Law and the Marrakesh Treaty to facilitate access
The Parliament of the Republic of Serbia passed today The Trademark Law and the Marrakesh Treaty