The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is the United Nations specialized agency established on 14 July 1967 in Stockholm, Sweden founded on the first two international intellectual property agreements, as a successor of several international bureaus established after their conclusion. The first one and so far the most important international IP agreement is the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property established in 1883 with the aim to enable the efficient, harmonized and cheaper international protection of patents, trademarks and design, and signed by eleven states signatures among which the Kingdom of Serbia. The second one, the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works was founded in 1886 with the aim to enable the international protection of literary, musical and fine art works.
Today, the WIPO includes 193 countries, administers twenty seven international IP agreements, works on the balanced international law development and administers five global systems – Global IP Services, among which four international IP rights registration systems: Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) for patents, Madrid System for the International Trademark Registration, Hague System for the International Design Registration and Lisbon System for Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications International Registration. IP rights registration systems are established in such a way that filing one international application with a certain number of designated countries where the protection is requested replaces the same number of individual, national applications. The Republic of Serbia is the member of these systems. The fifth system is the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Centre, the global renowned Alternative Disputes Resolution (ADR) Center for the intellectual property field. Apart from that, the WIPO provides the technical and legal assistance to the member states in their institutional capacities development, expert education, drafting of laws, national strategies, studies, analysis, IP promotion and IP information.
The main WIPO administrative body is the WIPO General Assembly consisting of the member states representatives and supported in its work by the Coordination Committee and the Secretariat. The Director General is representing the WIPO and is responsible for its work. Apart from that, the numerous expert committees and working groups keep regular meetings on considering international laws issues, international rights registration systems, international classifications, information systems, law enforcement, development and others.
The Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia is a successor of the Administration for Industrial Property Protection of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes established in 1920 on the signature of the Kingdom of Serbia at the ratification of the Paris Convention in 1883. After numerous state and institutional changes, the Republic of Serbia became the WIPO member state on 27 April 1992.
The representatives of the Intellectual Property Office as the member state’s relevant institution participate in the work of the WIPO General Assembly, expert committees and working groups. Apart from that, the IPO improves its development, institutional, expert, IT and other capacities in cooperation with the WIPO. Numerous national and regional seminars and meetings on IP promotion, IP protection, technology transfer and commercialization and other related topics have been organized in Belgrade. With the WIPO assistance, IP Development Strategy 2011 to 2015, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Serbia, Integrating Intellectual Property into Innovation Policy were elaborated.
The Intellectual Property Office employees’ reports from the international organizations meetings and seminars can be found in the IP Gazette Supplements since 2010.