Until a few decades ago, state universities, institutes and other scientific research organizations all over the world served the public interest and published the results of their scientific research activities free of charge. Nowadays, information is kept secret or protected by intellectual property rights, most often by patents, before the publishing in scientific papers. That is what the interests of the industry dictate. Globalization has demanded that universities adapt to such a trend and open up to business and international cooperation. This includes the effective protection and management of the results of their research, primarily through the protection of their intellectual property.
For researchers at faculties and institutes, in addition to the information contained in scientific journals, the information contained in patent databases may also be interesting. The technical knowledge that is not published anywhere else can often be found there. Patent documentation databases can serve both as inspiration and as a source for solving the problems that university staff encounter in their research activities. If researchers want to file a patent application, they should definitely do so before publishing information about the invention in scientific papers, because the information published in them is also considered when examining the novelty of a later patent application.
On the other hand, the results of research created in scientific research organizations can be protected for the purpose of their commercial exploitation. By protecting research results, scientific research organizations create a basis for providing additional funding used for new research either through licensing, sales, or by establishing research spin-off companies that further commercialize intellectual property. Also, researchers at universities and institutes, who are cited as inventors, can benefit through the evaluation of their scientific research work (the Rulebook for the evaluation of scientific and research work) through patents. Encouraging universities and other public research institutions to be more active in the protection and exploitation of intellectual property means encouraging their cooperation with the economy.