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World Intellectual Property Organization – WIPO
European Patent Organization – EPO
European Union Intellectual Property Office – EUIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization – WIPO

The World Intellectual Property Organisation (click here for more information) is the United Nations specialized agency established on 14 July 1967 in Stockholm, Sweden on the foundations of the first two international intellectual property agreements, as a successor of several international bureaus established after their conclusion. The first and so far the most important international IP agreement is the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property established in 1883 with the aim to enable the efficient, harmonized and cheaper international protection of patents, trademarks and design on the eleven states signatures among which the Kingdom of Serbia. The second one, the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works was founded in 1886 with the aim to enable the international protection of literary, musical and fine art works.

Today, the WIPO includes 192 countries, administers twenty seven international agreements from all intellectual property fields, works on the balanced international law development and administers five global systems – Global IP Services, among which four international IP rights registration systems: Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) for patents, (link: patents, international protection), Madrid System for the international trademark registration (link: trademarks, international protection), Hague System for the international design registration (link: design, international registration) and Lisbon System for the indications of origin and geographical indications international registration (link: geographical indications of origin, international data bases). IP rights registration systems are established in such a way that filing one international application with a certain number of designated countries where the protection is requested replaces the same number of individual, national applications. The Republic of Serbia is the member of these systems. The fifth system is the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Centre, the global renowned Alternative Disputes Resolution (ADR) Center in the intellectual property field. Apart from that, the WIPO provides the technical and legal assistance to the member states in their institutional capacities development, expert education, drafting of laws, national strategies, studies, analysis, IP promotion and IP information.

The main WIPO administrative body is the WIPO General Assembly consisting of the member states representatives and supported by the Coordination Committee and the Secretariat in its work. The Director General is representing the WIPO and is responsible for its work. Apart from that, the numerous expert committees and working groups keep regular meetings on considering international laws issues, international rights registration systems, international classifications, information systems, law enforcement, development and others.

The Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia is a successor of the Administration of the Protection of Industrial Property of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes established in 1920 on the signature of the Kingdom of Serbia at the ratification of the Paris Convention in 1883. After numerous state and institutional changes the Republic of Serbia became the WIPO member on 27 April 1992.

The representatives of the Intellectual Property Office as the member state’s relevant institution participate in the work of the WIPO General Assembly, expert committees and working groups. Apart from that, the IPO improves its development, institutional, expert, IT and other capacities through the WIPO cooperation projects. The numerous national and regional seminars and meetings in IP promotion, IP protection, technology transfer and commercialization and other related topics are organized in Belgrade. With the WIPO assistance: IP Development Strategy from 2011 to 2015 (link), The Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Serbia (link), Integrating Intellectual Property into Innovation Policy (link) were elaborated.

The Intellectual Property Office employees’ reports from the international organisations meetings and seminars can be read in the IP Gazette Supplements (link) since 2010.

European Patent Organization

The European Patent Organisation (click here for more information) is a regional international organization established in 1973 by the European Patent Convention. The Convention was concluded with the aim to strengthen cooperation between the European states in the patent protection field and to create the unique European patent system. The Convention establishes the supranational system of legal norms anticipating the European patents granting procedure and its immediate effect on the member states territories. The effect of the Convention reflects in rationalization of the patent granting procedure, examination and patents issuing. Instead of having parallel procedures separately conducted in several member states where patent protection is requested, it is conducted at one place, at the European Patent Office after which the granted patents are validated in all the designated states (link).

The European Patent Organisation is represented by the President and composed of two bodies: the European Patent Office and the Administrative Council supervising its work. Today, the European Patent Organisation gathers 38 member states, two joint members and four non-European countries accepting European patents on their territories.

The European Patent Office is founded on the European Patent Convention with the aim to establish the unique, high quality and efficient procedure of the innovation protection in the European states, secure reliable, complete and up to date patent information and offer the expert training to the governmental officials, patent representatives, judges, students and other interested parties.

In the framework of the international PCT system, the EPO is one of the offices authorized in drafting international search reports and international preliminary examination reports of the international applications (PCT International Search and International Preliminary Examination Authority).

The Republic of Serbia is the EPO member since 1 October 2010. The Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia activities as being the EPO member state relevant institution go in two directions. The first one is active participation in work of the EPO Administrative Council and its committees, and the second is the participation in numerous European Patent Network cooperation projects in training, information and technology system improvement and other expert and technical issues. The Serbian language and national patent documentation are integrated in the European Patent Register and patent information electronic systems.

The Intellectual Property Office employees’ reports from the international organisations meetings and seminars can be read in the IP Gazette Supplements (link) since 2010.

Cooperation with the Intellectual Property Office of the European Union – EUIPO

The EUIPO (click here for more information) is the autonomous self-financing European Union Organisation founded in 1996 in Alicante, Spain with the aim of establishing the unique trademark protection (EUTM) on the whole EU territory. Apart from trademark protection, the unique design protection through the EUIPO was established in 2003. The EU Trademark and Design protection are established on the entire European Union territory and the granted EU Trademark and Design are valid on the entire territory of all 28 member states. EU Trademark and Design do not replace the national rights but the national and EU Trademarks and Designs are valid in parallel.

The EUIPO is founded with the aim to establish the efficient, high quality and competitive EU Trademark and Design registration systems and their management. In the EUIPO, trademark is examined, registered, exercised in the opposition and cancellation procedures while design is examined, registered and in the annulment procedure exercised at request. The procedural issues appeals can be filed at the EUIPO Boards of Appeal while annulment and cancellation of the registered rights requests are divided between the EUIPO Boards of Appeals and the member states courts.

The EUIPO is the member of the Madrid System of the international trademarks registration and the Hague System of the international industrial design registration.
The European Commission has the right to supervise the EUIPO work. The Council of Ministers of the European Union nominates the EUIPO Executive Director, its Deputy as well as the President and the Chairmen of the EUIPO Boards of Appeal. The EUIPO Executive Director is responsible for its work. The EUIPO administrative bodies, the Administrative Council and the Budget Committee are composed by the member states representatives and one European Commission representative.
The Observatory for the Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement is also a part of the EUIPO since 2012.

As being in the process of the EU accession, the Republic of Serbia is developing the expert cooperation with the EUIPO. Since 2012, the Intellectual Property Office representatives participate at the meetings on the experiences exchange and practice harmonization of the EUIPO and the national offices in the trademark and design fields, and at the meeting on the member states technical cooperation since 2013. The Intellectual Property Office representatives and judges from our country participate at the EUIPO Academy trainings.

Serbian trademarks and design national data bases are integrated in the EUIPO systems: TMview, DesignView, Tmclass, Designclass.

The Intellectual Property Office employees’ reports from the international organisations meetings and seminars can be read in the IP Gazette Supplements (link) since 2010.